Toledo (Toledo, Toledo), a Spanish city 75 km south of Madrid. Toledo is the capital of the province of Toledo and the Castile-La Mancha region of central Spain. It has a population of 83,108 people. The city is situated on an impenetrable hill surrounded by deep valleys and deep trenches, where the waters of the Tagh River flow. The Taj valley is surrounded by three sides, contributing to its immunity and prevention.
Toledo is a very ancient city and is mostly built in the time of the Greeks. It flourished during the Roman era, examined it with walls, and built the theater and the Great Bridge. Toledo reached its peak in the era of the Islamic Caliphate when it was a beautiful, blend of art and science.
It was known in the Middle Ages as the “City of Tolerance” where Muslims, Jews and Christians coexisted. The name of the city dates back to the Roman era, where it was called Toledo, which means “fortified city” in Roman. 
The days of Islamic rule were known for Spain. Where the city of Andalucia ancient foot. The name Toledo was Arabic for the Latin word “Tholedoth”. The Arabs called Toledo the city of property because it was the capital of the Kingdom of Goths.
Toltellia is a very ancient city, most of which was built in the time of the Greeks. Toledo flourished during the Romans, examined it with fences, and built the theater and the Great Bridge. In 534 Toledo became the capital of the unified Western Gothic kingdom of Spain (until 711)
Opened by Muslims under the leadership of Tariq ibn Ziyad in 712 AD, after their victory in the Battle of Wadi Lakha over the Goths, Toledo continued to enjoy its political superiority over the rest of Andalusia. In the reign of Muhammad bin Abdul Rahman al-Awsat (233 AH), Toledo went out and defeated them, and was organized during the reign of Abd al-Rahman al-Nasser, and flourished architecture.
When Andalusia fell into the hands of Muslims, they did not immediately abolish Christianity. It is believed that the main mosque of the city of Toledo was converted to the construction of the Cathedral of Toledo after the fall of Toledo in the hands of the Spaniards again. Some investigators point out that the prayer hall of the mosque matches the shape with the current cathedral.
One of the most important works of Moses bin Nusair to the caliph al-Walid of the precious commemorative spoils is a table worth more than any estimate. Tariq ibn Ziyad had her sheep from the cathedral of Toledo. The goths were devout in making it. The Arabs attributed it to Solomon Ibn Dawud. For his own greatness.
There is also a difference in the description of this table and the statement of its structure and the reason for its existence. One of the accounts reported that the rich and wealthy of the goths were always connected to the churches with a known amount of their wealth at the time of death and when the great money was collected among the supervisors of these churches they ordered the manufacture of tables and chairs of gold and silver In the days of celebrations for the boast and boast, and the Church of Toledo received a great deal of money from the commandments, especially since it was the home of the owner, and therefore the kings dress in the work of a table for this church exceeded all the tables in the rest of Spain; Which was made of pure gold, and was encrusted with dagger, sapphires, and aquamarines.
No matter what these accounts are, there is no doubt that they unanimously agreed on one thing: the greatness of this precious treasure whose news exceeded what was found in treasures found in other cities of Andalusia. This table was probably the altar of the universal church in Toledo. Beauty to fit the capital of goths, and to be a symbol of the richness of their state and rich abundance
Arab historians have expressed the greatness of the site of Toledo. Al-Humiri said in his book Al-Rawad Al-Matar in the wonders of the countries. He says: “It is on the banks of the great river, and what he sees is like the purity and the highness of Banian.” Another: «It has from all sides high provinces, and strongholds impregnable, and on the other side of the north the great mountain known decals».
The Muslims took Seville as the capital of their fledgling state and soon replaced it with the city of Cordoba, which had been the capital of the Islamic state in Andalusia for many centuries. Toledo never became the capital of their state, despite its strategic advantages.
The governors, among them the sons of Kass, took the losses of the ruler, Hisham (771-822), in the war as a pretext to revolt against him. This led him to become very brutal in his rule to end this revolution. In the meantime, Obeidullah gained power in Toledo and declared independence. The ruling did not hesitate to execute all the city’s dignitaries.
The sons of Al-Nun took refuge in Batlita after the fall of the caliphate in Cordoba. They were a family of Berbers. Abd al-Malik ibn Metwayh took the command of Toledo and insulted it. They agreed to it. His son Ismael took his wife and left her affairs to her sheikh Abi Bakr al-Hadidi. Ismail died. Ismail, who died, and took the grandson of the mighty God Yahya, who revolted by the people of Toledo to kill the son of iron.
The rule of the sons lived Toledo between 1009 and 1028 where the city’s judge Abu Bakr lived bin Mohammed bin Yahya
Al-Qadir Allah Yahya used Alfonso VI of Castile who imposed the siege on Toledo in 1084 and no one helped their Muslim brothers except Al-Mutawakil Ibn Al-Aftas who sent a large army to the rescue of Toledo, but was defeated by the Castilian army and the siege continued for nine months Reach settlement. Alfonso Sui was not satisfied with the city’s complete acceptance. He did so on 25 May 1085 and went to the Grand Mosque, which he converted into a cathedral, where he celebrated the Mass of Thanksgiving and became the capital of the Kingdom of Castile. All Muslims were given the freedom to leave or stay in the city,
Toledo Cathedral was built between 1226-1493 in the style of the cathedral of Bourg. The Library of the Cathedral of Toledo contains millions of manuscripts and documents from the eighth and eleventh centuries 
Toledo is home to the rest of the Spanish cities, with one of the largest markets in the world, which includes Andalusian handicrafts and gifts. It is also famous for its carpets, swords, fossils and many handicraft industries