Paris is the capital of France and the largest city in terms of population. Located on the banks of the Seine in the northern part of the country in the heart of the Ile-de-France. In 2010, its population stood at 2,243,833 within its administrative scope only, while the city’s population with its suburbs is more than 12 million.
Paris remained an area of great importance for more than two thousand years. By the turn of the 12th century, Paris became a European center of science and art and the largest city of the Western world until the early 18th century. Paris has been the scene of many important political events throughout history, such as the French Revolution. At present, it is one of the largest economic and cultural centers with an important influence in politics, science, entertainment, media, fashion and arts, making it one of the world’s major cities. In 2011, the city’s GDP was 607 billion euros ($ 845 billion), one of the largest domestic outputs of cities in the world. Paris is one of the world’s leading tourist destinations as it is home to most French companies.
Paris has a variety of museums, theaters and monuments built over the centuries, such as the Eiffel Tower, the Arc de Triomphe, the Louvre Museum and the Versailles Palace. Paris is one of the largest centers of art in the world, with a large number of museums that include paintings of the world’s leading artists. The city’s cuisine has a global reputation, attracting the world’s most famous chefs. Paris and its environs include the finest French schools and universities, as well as the headquarters of the largest French newspapers, such as Le Monde, Le Figaro and Liberation.
Paris is home to the Paris Saint-Germain football club and France’s stadium, which was built to host the 1998 World Cup. The city also hosts the Roland Garros Tennis Championship. Paris is characterized by the diversity and quality of transport. The city has two major international airports: Charles de Gaulle International Airport and Paris Orly Airport. The Paris Metro – which opened in 1900 – serves about 9 million passengers a day.
The name Paris derives from its early inhabitants, one of the Gaul tribes known as Parisi. The city of Lutchia was called during the Roman period between the 1st and 4th centuries AD. But it was called Paris again in the reign of Julian the apostate (360-363). The Parisian name is thought to come from the expensive Celtic word Pariso, which means working people or artisans.
He described the Moorish traveler Ahmed bin Qasim al-Hajri in the journey of the shehab to the meeting of loved ones, and named its name in Arabic «Brish»:
Paris is the home of the Sultanate of the Franks, and between it and the city of Rouen about three days, and five thousand five hundred steps and width four thousand and five hundred step, and the houses high, and full of people, and the houses of the Acres built stone abandoned but over time the color reigns stone, and Christians say that the greatest cities Constantinople, then the city of Brich, then the city of Lisbon (Lisbon) in the Andalusia. Paris
Paris has many titles, known as the City of Love and the capital of fashion, but the most famous title of the city is the city of light (La Ville-Lumière), which earned Paris its reputation as a center of science and thought during the Enlightenment as well as its early adoption question possible about Paris was known in the city of light in the second half of the nineteenth century, when Baron Haussmann appointed by Napoleon III removed the streets and neighborhoods of the Middle Ages and transformed Paris into a modern city
The first archaeological signs of permanent settlements date from 4500-400 BC. Where evidence was found to be the oldest of its kind in Paris in 1991 on the use of these primitive peoples boats. (The Carnavalé Museum has the remains of three of these ancient boats.) 19 The Parisian tribe – a Gaul tribe – settled on the banks of the Seine in approximately 250 BC. The Romans invaded Paris around 52 BC and settled there in the late 20th century. The city was called Lutchia during the Roman Empire, and its name was changed to Leotis. The city expanded greatly over the following centuries to become a thriving city with palaces, baths, temples and theaters. 
The collapse of the Roman Empire, along with the German invasions of the fifth century AD, clearly diminished the importance of the city. By the year 400, Leotis had been abandoned by many of its inhabitants and its significance diminished. The city regained the name of Paris around the year 360 CE at the end of the Roman occupation, when the Apostle Julian declared an emperor.  This announcement was made in Ile de la Cité, an island located in the Seine. In this area Yulian established three years, making Paris the actual capital of the Western Empire
A grand urban renewal project, launched in 2007 by former French President Nicolas Sarkozy, is now under way. Grand Paris consists of economic, environmental and cultural projects and housing and transport improvement projects. For the unification of land and the revitalization of the capital’s economy. One of the largest projects is a new metro project consisting of 200 km of highways linking the Greater Paris regions with each other at a cost of 26.5 billion euros. The project is expected to be completed by 2030