New York – New York City, often known as New York City, is the most populous city in the United States.  The city is the largest city in New York State and in the United States of America, the most influential Art, fashion, science, technology, education and entertainment. New York City is one of the most important trade and financial centers in the world. It is the economic capital of the United States for many international companies and banks. It has the headquarters of the United Nations The Dow Jones Industrial Average. New York City is described as the cultural and economic capital of the world.
Among its most famous neighborhoods are Manhattan, Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island. It has a famous street called Broadway Street, where many theater performances are held and Central Park is one of the largest public parks in the world.
The city of New York dates back to 1624 when it was established as a commercial center by settlers from the Dutch Republic. The new Amsterdam was named in 1626. The city and its surrounding areas became under English control in 1664 and were named New York after Charles II of England gave land to his brother, the Duke of York. New York was the capital of the United States of America from 1785 to 1790
In the midst of the September 11, 2001 attacks, the city lost two World Trade Center towers and the lives of thousands of civilians when two planes accidentally crashed into a terrorist attack. The United States government pointed the finger at Osama bin Laden’s extremist al-Qaeda organization, Provided evidence to prove his involvement in the process, and most Muslims condemned the terrorist operation.
New York City is the largest industrial, commercial and financial center with the largest government and private institutions. Government and industrial institutions provide 7 million jobs, including 3 million and 3 million jobs within the city, the rest in the suburbs and the city’s economy and suburbs are growing. Is further developed as a result of the proliferation of roads and the increase in the labor force.
New York is third in Los Angeles and Chicago in terms of industrial activity. There are 17,000 garment factories, New York produces one sixth of the US production of printing and publishing, food, chemicals, furniture, paper and textiles. Which employs 200,000 workers, but its status deteriorated slightly after the opening of other ports on the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River. Financial, insurance, stocks and real estate companies employ about 495,000 workers, most notably the New York Stock Exchange.
The economic activity in the city serves a huge network of means of transport; it is used daily by three and a half million people. New York is also the largest call center in the United States, with many telecommunications, printing and publishing companies, with about 60 radio and television stations.
New York is also one of the world’s largest cultural centers, with many of the world’s most famous art halls, theaters, music, museums and cultural associations on Broadway. As well as some famous poets, writers, actors and artists. The city’s rich have played an important role in supporting cultural activity. The presence of an atmosphere of free expression and many advertising and communication companies has also contributed significantly to the city’s cultural boom.
New York has buildings of various architectural styles, with wooden buildings designed in the form of bunkers or bungalows and a sloping roof. This style of houses in the Brooklyn area of 1656 has more modern design buildings such as skyscrapers Including New York City and Manhattan in particular. The Empire State Building is New York’s tallest and most important building. The World Trade Center 1, known as the Freedom Tower, is being built in the land of zero area, which was established on the ruins of the World Trade Center after the events of 11 September 2001
New York has 28,000 acres (110 km 2) of parks and 14 miles (23 km) of public beaches. New York Gardens include Central Park, Prospect Park, Valshing Maduz – Corona Park, Forest Park, Washington Square Park and Pelham Bay Park, New York Gardens with an area of 2,700 acres.
New York City consists of five neighborhoods , each representing New York County as follows :
Manhattan: (New York County; population: 1,629,054)
The Bronx: (Bronx County; population: 1,397,287)
Brooklyn: (Kings County; 2,567,098 inhabitants)
Queens: (Queens County; population: 2,306,712)
Staten Island: (Richmond County; population: 491,730)
The city faces several social problems: poverty, crime, drugs and apartheid; in New York alone, half of drug addicts in the United States, and four million people living on social security benefits.
Accommodation of the most important problems in New York and longer. About 65% of the city’s population lives in rented apartments or hotels, unlike in other states, where most households live in single, owned homes. The majority of the city’s old houses were built before 1940, and need renovation.
New York City is emerging from the crisis it suffered after the September 11 terror attacks, in which the twin towers of the World Trade Center were destroyed in 2001 when two civilian aircraft collided early that morning with two towers and then collapsed. About 3,000 people were killed in the towers.
The population of New York consists mainly of immigrants throughout the ages. From 200 inhabitants in 1626, the population of New York jumped to about 1,656 years after the arrival of the British, Germans and Scandinavians. In 1800, the population was 60,000. Most of them were British. In 1850 and 1860, the Germans and the Irish arrived in large numbers. The population multiplied 10 times. At the end of the nineteenth century, the influx of Eastern Europeans and Italians tripled. Applying for immigration in the 1920s, blacks from the south of the United States received large numbers of 5.2 million people, and in 1990 New Yorkers were 30% more likely to be born as a result of the influx of refugees from South-East Asia, the Caribbean, Africa and South America Central since the sixties.
Christianity is the dominant religion in the city and Christians account for about 63% of the city’s population.  The Roman Catholic Church is at the top of Christian denominations (36%), followed by the Protestant churches (26%).  Followed by Judaism with approximately 1.1 million Jews (8%) living in New York City, of whom more than half a million live in Brooklyn. Islam ranks third (2%). The number of Muslims varies between 600,000-1,000,000, and 10% of the public school students in the city are Muslims.  There are followers of Hinduism, Buddhism and various religious groups in the city, as well as atheists and religious people, who make up 19% of the city’s population
It is estimated that New York alone owns more than 21 percent of the global banking market. Its primary banking system consists of the Chase Manhattan Bank, Citibank, Morgan and Pankars Trust, with more than 445 banks, He has been involved in international business activities. Today, these activities tend to expand beyond the Fina Chial District (business district) to new areas in Brooklyn and Queens. New York is also the world’s first stock exchange benchmark, thanks to the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the Nasdaq Composite Index.
New York alone provides four-fifths of US stock exchanges. The city also includes most US and international insurance companies and more than 1,000 branches, plus four-fifths of US legal and financial services offices, some of which have a global dimension. New York also has the vast majority of US financial audit offices of global importance
The location and quality of its transport infrastructure provides a very important consumer market, with one of the world’s leading ports and three airports “one of the country’s busiest airports.” This dense network of roads allows access to a huge market spanning a beam of 1,200 About the city, an area that represents about half of the population of the United States and Canada and half their income and activity.
Tourism is one of the most important industries in New York City, where more than 41 million domestic and foreign tourists visited the city every year over the last five years.
The city’s tourist attractions include the Empire State Building, Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island; Broadway Theater; museums such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art; green spaces such as Central Park, Washington Square Park, Rockefeller Center and Times Square, And Madison, attractions that also attract events such as Halloween in Greenwich Village, Thanksgiving shows at the Macy’s Center, the St. Patrick’s Day show, not to mention seasonal activities such as ice skating at Central Park in winter, Tribeca Seine Loyalty, and free offers in Central Park in Samarstej. As well as the Bronx Zoo, Connie Island, and a new botanical garden in New York and elsewhere
In 2010, New York broke a record tourist record of 49 million tourists. In 2011, the number of tourists reached 50 million
Food culture in New York City includes a variety of international cuisine influenced by the history of immigrants to the city. Migrants from Eastern Europe and Italy have made the city popular with bread, kebabs and New York-style pizza, while Chinese restaurants are everywhere. Where the city gave the sellers a sale license of 4,000, many immigrants owned food carts in the streets of New York modern and sells some of these vehicles, for example falafel and kebabs, but the sandwiches and hotdogs and pastries are still dominant in the streets, and New York is also home to many One of the finest and most diverse restaurants in the United States.