Beijing is the capital of the People’s Republic of China, the second largest city in China after Shanghai. Beijing is one of the country’s four central municipalities (see administrative divisions in China). It had a population of 14,580,000 people in 2003 and 7.5 million in the central urban area – the second largest in China after Shanghai. The city is the center of politics, culture, science and education, as well as the hub of transportation lines throughout the country. One of the most important features of the city is the Forbidden City and the Temple of Heaven. Beijing received the 2008 Olympic Games and was the largest Olympic Games in history in terms of participating countries and the Games budget.
Beijing is located at the northern end of the North China Plain. The mountains extend in the west, north and east, while in the south-east, the plains spread. Beijing is dominated by the continental climate of the temperate zone. The four seasons vary widely, the spring is short, the summer is rainy and humid, the winter is cold and long, while the fall in Beijing is the best of the four seasons.
The city of Beijing dates back to the period of the Western Zhou dynasty, known as the “G”. In the era of the “warring kingdoms”, it became the capital of the most powerful of these kingdoms: “Yan”. Its political role has since declined, but it has been an important city and commercial center in northern China for more than a thousand years. Since the beginning of the 10th century, it has become the second capital of the Liao Dynasty and is known as “Yangjing”.
Then it regained its leading political role when successive families took over the rule of the country – Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing – as its capital (1115 to 1911). Apart from its political role, Beijing became the capital of culture. Like the Imperial Palace, the Peking Man in the Chokodian region, the Summer Palace, the Heavenly Temple and the Thirteen Tombs of the Ming Dynasty, UNESCO has listed all these features on the World Cultural Heritage List.
After the People’s Revolution in 1949, Beijing was the official capital of the People’s Republic of China. The movement of renewal and development has been flourishing in the city since the 1980s, and the pace of modernization has increased rapidly, with modern buildings, cross-roads and others. Today, the city tries to preserve its old features, while showing its modern features
Most Chinese government agencies and foreign embassies are located in Beijing, which has made it a matter of concern for the authorities in terms of providing them with the necessary facilities to facilitate communication between them and the rest of the world. Where a large number of information systems and the media.
Beijing has the country’s most modern facilities and infrastructure. Is the center of railway lines and national airlines, which communicate through these lines with almost all Chinese provinces and cities. The city is the hub of postal and communication service between China and the world, and has comprehensive and modern communication networks. A project is under way to build the world’s largest underground network in the city
Beijing is a center of science and technology in China, where most of the country’s scientific and educational facilities are located. It has more than 200 universities and institutes of scientific research of various kinds.
Chunqwantsun is one of the most densely populated areas in terms of intelligence, science and technology resources in China. Since 1999, the local government has been planning to build the Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park as a world-class scientific and technological park, after 10 years. There are more than 2,000 companies in the region, most of them with foreign assets, and alone accounting for half of the research and development equipment operated by foreign companies
Beijing is the first international and domestic transaction center in China, with its economic impact on the domestic market, to include its overseas markets as well. To bring more foreign investment, the Beijing government has developed a series of preferential policies, simplified administrative procedures have been simplified and the pace of modernization of local administration has been increased through the introduction of technology and computer. Most of China’s national banking institutions and major domestic and international investment groups are based in Beijing.
The CBD is located in Chaoyang District, next to the embassy area. The area contains exhibition and conference centers, several hotels, residences, cultural and entertainment facilities. Where R & D, representative offices and regional offices of many multinational companies are located.
158 of the world’s 500 largest companies are invested in China. The number of representative agencies in Beijing has exceeded 9500, covering production development, trade, services, consulting, investment, cargo forwarding and project contracting.
Among the integrated industrial system established over the past decades, the electronics, machinery, chemical industry, medicine and pharmaceutical industries have a national advantage. High and modern technology industries have become the nucleus of the capital’s economy today. Beijing has set up an economic and technological development zone attracting many multinational companies
Beijing hosted the Olympic Games in 2008, having established many new facilities and facilities. In accordance with the Beijing Plan, 32 stadiums have been established to host the Olympic Games, as well as the development and renovation of the main airport, railway stations, roads, communications systems, the media center and other basic facilities. The establishment of Olympic Village, auxiliary facilities and other medium and small enterprises. The government has paid great attention to environmental problems, and 45 billion yuan has been earmarked for the Green Olympics.