Cleopatra

Queen Cleopatra VII known as Cleopatra is the last king of the Macedonian family, who ruled Egypt since the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, until the occupation of Egypt by Rome in 30 BC.

Cleopatra was the daughter of Ptolemy XII of Egypt. She succeeded him as a queen in 51 BC, sharing the throne with her brother Ptolemy XIII. It was described as beautiful and charming. In contrast to the pictures they showed us. The men who fell in love with her captivated by her strong personality and smart and smart and end.

Cleopatra was the daughter of Ptolemy XII of Egypt. She succeeded him as a queen in 51 BC, sharing the throne with her brother Ptolemy XIII. It was described as beautiful and charming. In contrast to the pictures they showed us. The men who fell in love with her captivated by her strong personality and smart and smart and end.

She was always in conflict with her brother, who ended her expulsion from Egypt. The country was at that time a kingdom under Roman protection, the main source of wheat for the Roman people. Caesar accepted Egypt after the defeat of Pompeii in Versailles in 48 BC, and found civil war still in place. Cleopatra was trying to return to Egypt, suddenly appearing before a Caesar wrapped in a carpet – they claim – so that she could beg him to help her achieve her goal of returning to power. His family, either with her gifts, or with the obvious logic that she would be a better ruler than her brother. Caesar helped her overcome Ptolemy, who drowned at the end of the battle.

Cleopatra ruled for a few years. In the year 40 BC. Its kingdom was part of the empire of Marcus Antonius when the Roman world divided with Octavius and Lebedus after the death of Julius Caesar. Antonius Cleopatra loved him, and his affair with him was the loss of his fortune in Rome.

Antonius ended up committing suicide after the defeat of Octavius in the Battle of Actium in 31 BC. When Cleopatra heard the news, she also committed suicide.

Cleopatra VII (Greek: Κλεοάάτρα ιιλοάάτωρ) (January 69 BC – 30 BC) Queen of Egypt, famous in history and drama in relation to Julius Caesar and Marcus Antonius and the mother of Ptolemy XV (Caesar).

She became queen at the death of her father Ptolemy XII, in the year 51 BC, and was succeeded, respectively, with her brothers Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV (67, 67) and her son Ptolemy XV Caesar after the victory of the armies of the Roman Octavian (the new Emperor Augustus) , Cleopatra committed suicide, as did Antonius, and Egypt fell under the control of the Romans.

The history of Cleopatra as one of the great queens of Egypt, whatever its differences with regard to the policies of the Roman Empire, was the only example of the Ptolemaic family that took upon itself to learn the Egyptian language at the time. It resembled the goddess Isis and claimed to represent her life on earth, It even called itself “Isis the New”, reflecting the extent of its political intelligence and seriousness that Egypt successfully ruled.

Cleopatra was a talented queen. She spoke several languages, led armies at the age of 21, and studied in the beacon of science of her time, Alexandria. It has succeeded in restoring the glory of its ruling family, has been able to establish stability and peace in the country during its rule, and to fight corruption, and witnessed the opening of grain stores for its people during the period of famine and raising taxes on them. Egypt was then a prosperous country, under the rule of a queen did not see the people in the sex defect, what he did but good management of the country.

Her life and her rule

نتيجة بحث الصور عن صور الملكة كليوباترا

Born 69 BC, Cleopatra described that she actively influenced Roman politics in a critical period, also described as came to represent, as did no other woman of antiquity, the first model of the romantic charm of women.

She was the daughter of King Ptolemy XII “Ulysses”, and was destined to Cleopatra to become the last queen of the Ptolemaic dynasty that ruled Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and annexed to Rome in 30 BC.

The dynasty founded the officer Alexander Ptolemy, who became King Ptolemy I, ruler of Egypt. Cleopatra was from the Ptolemaic dynasty, for political reasons she called herself Isis the New, a title that distinguished her from Queen Cleopatra III, who also claimed to be the living embodiment of the goddess Isis.

When Ptolemy XII died in 51 BC, the throne was moved to his youngest son, Ptolemy XIII, and his seventh daughter Cleopatra.

Cleopatra, 18, was eight years older than her brother and became the dominant ruler. Evidence suggests that the first decree in which the name Ptolemy precedes Cleopatra was in October 50 BC.

Cleopatra realized that she needed to support the Romans, or more specifically support Caesar, if she had to restore the throne.

Cleopatra and Julius Caesar

Historians say that both Cleopatra and Caesar sought to use the other, and Caesar sought money to repay the debt incurred by Cleopatra’s father Oltis, in order to keep the throne. Cleopatra was determined to keep her throne, and if the early Ptolemaic glories could be restored and the greatest possible repossession was achieved, which included Syria, Palestine and Cyprus. The relationship between them was established and a child named Ptolemy Caesar or Ptolemy XV was born to him after his death (and the Alexandrians called him the name Caesarion).

The formation of an army and confronting her brother

King Ptolemy XIII signed under the influence of his advisers who worked to remove Cleopatra and expel her from Alexandria to monopolize power. She went to eastern Egypt and was able to recruit a Bedouin army to regain its position. On arrival at Belozium (now Port Said), where the army of her brother was confronted, the ship of the Roman commander Pompeius arrived after his defeat in the Battle of Versalus (48 BC). The King’s guardians did not kill him, The victorious leader Julius Caesar, who arrived in Alexandria on October 2, 48 BC. Cleopatra succeeded in penetrating the ranks of her opponents after her brother Ptolemy XIII tried to approach the Czar, where he found an opportunity to declare his full allegiance, and did his best to embrace him and to do so. But Ptolemy found it wrong. Caesar summoned both Ptolemy and Cleopatra to Alexandria and declared his support for the monarchy. During that time, the people of Alexandria had another queen in their minds. In November 48 BC, with the imprisonment of Caesar and Cleopatra in the royal palace, the Alexandrian people announced the little royal sister, Arsino IV, Queen of Egypt.

Cleopatra and Julius Caesar spent a long winter in the Palace of Alexandria. The Roman reinforcements did not come until March 47 BC, when Julius and Cleopatra became political allies and lovers. When Caesar was liberated, Ptolemy XIII fled and drowned in the Nile, while Arsino IV, the queen who ruled and lived for a short time, was taken to Rome. Cleopatra, who became a widow, was returned to her throne with full Roman support, and her brother, Ptolemy XIV, was married at the age of 11. The bride was carried. In June, 47 BC, Cleopatra was born to a son named Ptolemy Caesar (known as the Partisan) to his father. Caesar, who was originally married to a Roman wife, was unable to officially recognize his Egyptian son. But before his death he sought to pass legislation in Rome giving him the right to marry a second wife and grant legal legitimacy to a child born in foreign territory.

The relationship between Caesar and Cleopatra was far from merely a reckless passion. The parties were veteran politicians, and neither was in any way considered naive. Their physical unity strengthened their political alliance and had a perfect political connotation. Egypt would remain independent, but it was under the protection of Rome. Rome would benefit from Egypt’s generosity by being the most fertile land in the world. Their common interests – the ambition and the common child of course – were linked to each other; both sides saw the benefits of keeping Egypt independent for the Christians to inherit. By entrusting her loyalty to her son if not to him, Caesar completed the process of encouraging Cleopatra as the true ruler of Egypt, even when he himself left the country.

In 46 BC, Caesar won the victory in Rome, a victory of the defeated Queen Arsino in chains against the Roman people. Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIV followed Caesar to Rome, and remained there for about a year at Caesar’s own expense. They were present to witness Caesar’s awarding of a golden statue to the temple of Venus Gentrix. They returned to Egypt only when Caesar was killed on March 15, 44 BC. Ptolemy died on his return to Egypt – and it is not certain whether his death was an accident or a planning. With no other male heir to the throne, the 3-year-old Caesarean became Ptolemy XV, and Cleopatra was the sole ruler.

Julius Caesar was killed

With the death of Caesar, the trio Mark Antony, Octavian, and Marcus Lebedus set out to arrest those who assassinated him, Brutus and Cassius. Rome was planning a general revenge, and Egypt was invited to help. That was very important for Cleopatra. The governor of Cyprus broke up and took the killers’ side, and decided to return her sister, Arsino, who had regained her freedom and lived in Ephesus, to rule Egypt. During her lifetime, Arsino would become a constant threat to Cleopatra, and it was no surprise that she was assassinated by her sister in 40 BC.

Cleopatra made a wise decision to ally with the trio. A fleet of sailors was raised towards Octavian and Mark Anthony, but their vessels were destroyed by the hurricane. While waiting to equip the second fleet, the news came to defeat the killers. He was ruled by two men, where the Western Empire ruled Octavian (the heir to Caesar), and the Caesar of the Eastern Empire. Cleopatra, who was very weak in Egypt, needed someone to protect her. For the first time her instinct betrayed her and made the wrong decision: she decided to ally with Marc Anthony.

Cleopatra and Marcus Antonius

After the assassination of Caesar in Rome, the kingdom was divided between the greatest of his predecessors, Aktavius and Antonius Fonraktavius, to annex Egypt to the Roman Empire. But he had many consequences, and most of them were Marcus Antony, Mark Antony, who wanted to be unique to the Roman Empire. Cleopatra thought that He became the wife of Marcus Antonius, who may one day rule the Roman Empire. Mark Antony came to Egypt and Cleopatra came to Egypt for fear of the Egyptian revolts against her. She was hidden in a rug and came out before Anthony as a bride in the sea.

Mark Anthony was married to Octavia, the sister of Octavius ​​(August). The Romans were prohibited from marrying a non-Roman, and this was the problem of his association with Cleopatra and became an ally instead of Egypt’s annexation of the Roman Empire. This was the cause of the enmity between August and Antonius because Octavia was the sister of August. The Roman Empire was divided into East and West. The East, including Egypt, belonged to Antonius. Cleopatra was supposed to become under the authority of the new Antony, fighting him with the weapon of love and beauty. He came to her in Alexandria, but sailed on a luxurious golden Pharaonic ship from the Egyptian coast. Antonius was sent in 41 BC when he arrived in the city of Tarsus in Cilicia, to account for her hesitant attitude and lack of support for the supporters of Julius Caesar.

I was impressed with Cleopatra by Antonius not only for his form where he was handsome (in the words of historians) but also for his intelligence because all the expectations at this time were confirming the victory of Antonius.

Temptation – or let itself be tempted – a Roman leader has served in the past. Flicopatra is still young and has no reason to assume that her methods will not work again. I have decided to re-date. Anthony, who was less intelligent and experienced than Caesar, was charmed by her charm. In 40 BC, Cleopatra gave birth to twins Cleopatra Selin and Alexander Helios. By the time they were born, Anthony had returned to Rome, where he would marry Octavia, the sister of his ally and arch rival Octavian.

Rome had only one ruler. The relationship between Octavian and Anthony, and thus between Octavia and her new husband, quickly deteriorated. In 37 BC Anthony left Rome to Antioch, Syria, where he was sent to Cleopatra. Together, they have put together a grand plan for an Eastern alliance that gives Egypt some of its former glory. Thanks to Anthony, Egypt recovered some of its lost eastern territory.

Unfortunately, the campaign of Anthony the Parthian – the first step towards strengthening the Eastern Alliance – was a disaster. Instead of acquiring new land, Anthony, through his separate wife, forced Octavian to plead for more troops. Anthony was given a soldier, a ridiculous figure, and reduced their number also, and broke relations between them. Nasr Anthony al-Lahqi in Armenia restored some of his face’s water. There were intensive celebrations in Alexandria, where Anthony sat on the throne and boasted of his sons from Cleopatra, kings of Rome and occupied Egypt. Nothing was more offensive to Octavian and Octavia.

In 32 BC, Octavia was shot. Anthony and Cleopatra became an official couple. But as lovers enjoyed a long tour of the eastern Mediterranean, Octavian was preparing for war.

The Battle of Actium took place in western Greece in 31 BC and decided the fate of the war. The Battle of Actium was a victory for Octavian. Anthony was forced to flee while Cleopatra returned to Alexandria and began to gather her troops. When Anthony joined her several weeks later, he was effectively trapped. Antonius lost a lot of his ships in his attempt to break the siege around him, and accelerated the events and Cleopatra did everything in its power to avoid the disaster after the news of defeat to Egypt. Cleopatra’s offer to give up the throne to her children was ignored. As Antony prepared to fight his last battle with a desperate attempt to counter the forces of Octavianus, the new Caesar of Rome, who reached the outskirts of Alexandria in the summer of 30 BC, Cleopatra was entombed in a mausoleum that was also used as her treasure. When Anthony received the news of Cleopatra’s suicide, he threw himself at his sword. But the news of Cleopatra’s death was incorrect. Anthony, then dying to Alexandria, was taken to the top of the mausoleum wall so that he could die between Cleopatra’s arms.

Suicide rather than captivity

At dawn one of the days of mid-August 30 BC. One of the servants of Queen Kilopatra was the Cobra snake (a likely Egyptian cobra). The method of her suicide After hearing the defeat of her husband, the Roman commander Mark Antonius in the war, the poisonous Cobra snake remained a motto of Ptolemaic monarchy above the kings’ We may believe the words of the Roman poets Virgil, Horace and Propertius Propertius Some historians have mentioned that the left royal shoulder is the first that received the fatal sting and others said it is the left naked Cleopatra breast. Cleopatra committed suicide in this state of despair by placing a beard on her chest and the new invader Octavius ​​Caesar hoped that the queen who ruled Egypt in the procession of his victory in Rome, but soon saw her body and headed to organize the government, he announced the annexation of Egypt to the Roman people, Too many not more than five words. After the death of Cleopatra, the Romans killed her son Caesar for fear of demanding the Roman Empire as the heir to Julius Caesar and his heir. Kilopatra filmed the seventh on a coin displayed at the Alexandria Museum telling Cleopatra’s story that inspired poets and storytellers. 1977, John Dryden and George Bernardo’s poem “Caesar and Cleopatra”, and a poetry essay on the suicide of Cleopatra by poet Ahmed Shawki. Cleopatra VII was the last ruler of the Ptolemies in Egypt, and surpassed those who preceded her with intelligence, prudence and ambition. Cleopatra ascended the throne and ruled Egypt for twenty years (from 51 to 30 BC). The image of Cleopatra appeared in the ancient Egyptian coin as a woman with a beautiful flight, full of vitality with a thin mouth and clear eyes. Cleopatra is one of the most prominent in the history of Nefertiti, Semiramis and Shahrzad.

نتيجة بحث الصور عن صور الملكة كليوباترا

No one knew for sure how she died. They found only small holes in her arm. Some have assumed that they brought a small poisonous snake to herelf …

 

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